Disabled Sports USA’s Adapt2Achieve program is proud to support the training of adaptive instructors through the production of sports-specific manuals and conferences as well as safety and risk reduction information. Please check back for updates and new materials as our library of sports-safety materials continues to grow.


Manuals in Print
Request hard copies of select materials.
DSUSA YouTube Channel
Watch educational videos and webinars.


Sports-Specific Manuals

Produced by experts in their field, these sports-specific manuals are intended to complement the hands-on training volunteers receive.

Adaptive Alpine Fundamentals of Skiing

Adaptive Archery Instructor’s Manual

Adaptive Cycling Instructor’s Manual

In addition to the above-mentioned Disabled Sports USA-sponsored manuals, many governing bodies and national sports organizations have recognized the benefits of training coaches interested in working with adaptive athletes and created their own training materials.  Links to many of those manuals are included here as a resource and Disabled Sports USA is not responsible for the content.  This list is not intended to be an endorsement of the training from DSUSA nor a comprehensive list of all adaptive training resources.  If you have recommendations on training manuals or materials that should be added, please email adapt2achieve@dsusa.org.

Boccia International Sports Federation Competition Rules

Canoke/Kayak Instructor’s Manual (American Canoe Association)

Adaptive Climbing Manual (Paradox Sports)

Para-Equestrian Coaching Guide (US Equestrian Federation)

Goalball Guidelines (International Blind Sports Federation)

Adaptive Hockey – Sled, Stand-Up Amputee, Deaf & Special (USA Hockey) 

Adaptive Lacrosse Guidelines (USA Lacrosse)

Adaptive Rowing Guidelines (USA Rowing)

Adaptive Sailing Resource Manual (US Sailing)

Adaptive Snowsports Instruction (PSIA/AASI)

Adaptive Tennis Manual (US Tennis Association)

Adaptive Track and Field Manual (Blaze Sports)

Wheelchair Basketball Rules (International Wheelchair Basketball Association)

Wheelchair Fencing Athlete Handbook (USA Fencing)

Wheelchair Rugby Manual (Blaze Sports)

Safety & Risk Reduction

In addition to sports-specific training, it is important for instructors to understand the unique population of adaptive athletes.  These training manuals help to ensure instructors are prepared to safely support their students through a variety of different sports activities.

Instructing Athletes with Traumatic Brain Injury & Post Traumatic Stress

Concussion Awareness & Safety Procedures

School Sports

Disabled Sports USA is proud to be a member of the Athletics 4 All task force, dedicated to the goal that all students should have access to after-school extracurricular sports activities.  This task force has created educational materials to learn how to best incorporate athletes with disabilities into high school athletic programs.


Alpine Skiing



Nordic Skiing

Sitting Volleyball


Track & Field

Wheelchair Basketball

Wheelchair Tennis



Accessing Adaptive Equipment

How to Get Involved In Your After-School Athletics Program

How Adaptive Sports Organizations Can Work with Schools

Adapted Sports HAS a place in School Based Athletic Programs


Harris Interactive research study: Sports and Employment Among Americans with Disabilities (2009)

Northeast Passage, Program of the University of New Hampshire Study of Adaptive Sport Training and Certification Training Wheels: Designing world-class adaptive sports training and certification programs

Quinnipiac University, Department of Occupational Therapy Study of The Influence of Adaptive Sports on Self-Efficacy



Disabled Sports USA is proud to serve on the volunteer advisory committee for PsychArmor Institute, a nonprofit that provides free education and support to engage effectively with the military community. PsychArmor is the only national institute of its kind, dedicated to bridging the military-civilian divide through free online education. Additionally, PsychArmor provides a Support Center staffed with mental health experts that are ready to support you.

PsychArmor’s course library is divided by service delivery type and Disabled Sports USA has worked with PsychArmor to highlight several courses from the volunteer and non-profit management school that may be of particular interest to Disabled Sports USA chapters. Register online to explore their course offerings.